COMMON NAME: Wolf, Gray Wolf, Timber Wolf
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Canis lupus
DIET: Wolves are carnivores and eat large hoofed mammals such as white-tailed deer, elk and moose. Wolves also hunt beavers, hares, and smaller animals.
YOUNG: Only the dominant pair breeds. The female digs a den where the pups will stay. Usually 6 to 7 pups are born, although the litter can be from 1 to 14 pups.
HABITAT: North America from Alaska, through Canada and the United states, and down to Mexico. Wolves live in a variety of habitats from the Arctic tundra to forest, prairie and dry scrub landscapes.
- The Gray Wolf is the largest canine.
- Wolves live in family groups called packs, which are made up of the breeding pair, their young pups, and the older offspring.
- To prevent flooding, the den is first dug to slope downward and then dug to slope upward to a higher level. This keeps the higher level dry.